Introduction to Journalism

Main Topics of Study

Journalism as a Profession

  • Practical Theory of Journalism
  • History of Print from Guttenberg to the Computer
  • The Rise of Broadcast Journalism
  • New online journalism
  • Ethics, Regulations and Guidelines

Ethics, Law and free Speech

  • Journalism Ethics
  • Codes of Conduct – NUJ etc
  • Freedom of Information
  • European Convention on Human Rights
  • Defamation and Libel
  • Copyright
  • Court Reporting
  • Reporting Restrictions
  • Contempt of Court

Constraints and Influences on Journalists

  • Ownership and control
  • Audience
  • Advertising and Advertisers
  • Regulation and self regulation
  • Codes of Conduct
  • Monetising the web

What Is News?

  • Definitions of News
  • News Values
  • Objectivity and Impartiality
  • Types of News
  • News Agendas
  • Agenda setting

News Sources

  • Contacts
  • Calls
  • Primary Definers
  • Government
  • Courts
  • PR and Spin
  • News Access
  • Note taking and Record Keeping
  • Newsgroups and the Web

The Language of News

  • Language in Print
  • Language and Broadcasting
  • International comparisons – inc US Broadcast Language and Style
  • The Soundbite

Comment, opinion and conjecture

  • Objectivity & subjectivity
  • Bias
  • Agenda setting
  • Gatekeeping

The Digital Newsroom

  • The Modern Newspaper Newsroom
  • The Radio Newsroom
  • The Television Newsroom
  • The Digital Multi-Platform Newsroom (Guardian and ITN-on models)
  • Newsroom management
  • Newsroom hierarchies
  • Newsroom negatives

The Digital Reporter

  • Roles and responsibilities
  • Types of Reporter
  • Research
  • Note taking and record keeping
  • Necessary skills – traditional
  • Necessary skills – digital and multi platform
  • Recording equipment

The Interview- Print

  • Why do you need interviews
  • Choosing interviewees
  • Interview techniques

The Interview – Radio

  • The role of the interview
  • Types of interview
  • Preparing for the Interview – editorial
  • Preparing for an interview – technical
  • Dealing with the interviewee- putting them at their ease
  • Framing the questions
  • Structuring an interview
  • Vox pops
  • Live interviews
  • Telephone interviews
  • Two ways
  • The soundbite
  • Interviewing for editing and post production

News Writing for Radio & Television

  • Approaches to news writing – conversational style
  • Sentence construction
  • Word choice
  • Elision
  • Punctuation
  • Presentation and layout
  • Cliches and jargon
  • Numeracy and numbers
  • Headlines and links
  • Voice pieces

Presenting News for Radio and Television

  • The Television studio
  • The radio studio
  • Location recording equipment – radio and television

Production and post production

  • Software editing packages – an introduction
  • Sound and soundscapes
  • Graphics and other visual support material

Film, video, still and other visual elements

  • An introduction to video and still photography
  • Matching words and pictures
  • Graphics

Online and Text Journalism

  • Adapting scripts for Online
  • Headlines
  • Navigation
  • Adding editorial value
  • Writing for teletext
  • Writing for cellphones and other small mobile devices

Specialist Journalism

  • Public Affairs
  • Comment and Opinion
  • Profiles
  • Sports Reporting
  • Lifestyle
  • Business
  • Environment
  • Music and Entertainment
  • Children’s