The United Nations

This is not available as a Single Subject.

Main topics of study:

The United Nations System

  • History
  • Charter
  • General Assembly
  • Security Council
  • Economic and Social Council
  • Trusteeship Council
  • International Court of Justice
  • Secretariat
  • Subsidiary Organs
  • Specialized Agencies
  • Financing

Role and Function

  • Theories: Realism, Idealism, Institutionalism
  • Globalization
  • Primary Tasks (core work)
  • Expansion of the Concept of Security

Collective Security Development

  • Limitations and Possibilities
  • Prohibition on the Use of Force: Concept and Extent, Exceptions, Problems, League of Nations
  • UN Charter: Pacific Settlement of Disputes, Threats to and Breaches of Peace, Acts of Aggression, Regional Agreements

Peacekeeping

  • Development of War
  • History
  • Reform
  • Sanctions
  • Disarmament and Arms Control
  • Prevention
  • Terrorism: Legitimization of Military Action, Other Legal and Political Measures, The War against Iraq

Human Rights: Codification of Norms

  • History
  • UN Charter
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Civil Covenant
  • Social Covenant
  • Elimination of Racial Discrimination
  • Convention Against Torture
  • Rights of Women
  • Children
  • Migrant Workers
  • Three Generations of Human Rights

Human Rights: Protection Mechanisms

  • State Reports
  • Individual Complaints
  • Treaty-based Bodies
  • UN Organs
  • Humanitarian Interventions
  • International Criminal Jurisdiction
  • International Criminal Court and Future Challenges

Economic and Environmental Issues

  • Gap between Industrialized and Developing Countries
  • The UN Charter
  • Multilateral Co-operation
  • Refugees
  • Humanitarian Aid and Population Issues
  • Environmental Concerns
  • UN Bodies

Reforms

  • History
  • Institutional: Finance Reform, Security Council, General Assembly
  • Peace Maintenance: Brahimi Report, Standby Arrangement
  • International Law
  • Economics
  • Environment

Outlook

  • Multilateralism
  • Global Governance
  • Future Scenarios
  • Building Blocks